Rowing Boat to Steam Vessel
In the year 1838 the first steam vessels Mesir-i Bahri and Eser-i Hayır constructed by Tersane-i Amire shipyards have been started to transport passengers and goods across the Bosphorus strait and Marmara Sea.
THE WALLED OBELISK
Built of roughly cut stones, this imitation obelisk stands at the southern side of the Hippodrome. Its exact date of construction is unknown. It is named after the Emperor Constantine Porphyroenitus who had it repaired in the 10th century. Its bronze plates decorated with golden lettering were plundered by the Fourth Crusaders.