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30/10/2014 Thursday
ISTANBUL

Rowing Boat to Steam Vessel

In the year 1838 the first steam vessels Mesir-i Bahri and Eser-i Hayır constructed by Tersane-i Amire shipyards have been started to transport passengers and goods across the Bosphorus strait and Marmara Sea.

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Sultan Ahmet Square

THE EGYPTIAN OBELISK (THE OBELISK OF THEODOSIUS I)

Mısır Obelisk

Around 1490 BC the Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmose III erected two obelisks before the Karnak temple in Luxor to commemorate the victories of his forces in Mesopotamia. The obelisks were made of rare pink granite.

In the 4th century AD, an unknown Roman emperor who wanted to accomplish something impressive that would create excitement among his people had the colossal obelisk brought to Istanbul.

For years it was left lying in a corner of the Hippodrome. In 390, during the reign of Theodosius I, it was erected with great difficulty by Proclus, a city administrator. It is the oldest monument in the city and has always been considered magical. The obelisk rests on four bronze blocks on a Roman base decorated with reliefs. These depict the emperor, his children and other prominent personalities watching the races from the imperial box, as well as the spectators, musicians, dancers and chariot races. The obelisk measures 25.60 m including the base.






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